Improving access for rural and urban low-income areas in developing countries to energy efficiency and renewable energies
Low levels of access to affordable and environmentally sound energy, both in rural and urban low-income areas, are still a predominant issue in developing countries. In recent years, numerous projects have been initiated, aiming to promote social, economic and environmental sustainable development through energy efficiency projects and the use of renewable energy sources.
New financing and implementation processes are needed, however, which allow the reallocation of financial resources, and thus enable countries to achieve a sustainable energy infrastructure. At the same time, the links between the energy policy framework, financing and implementation of renewable energy and energy efficiency projects have to be strengthened. The German Ministry for the Environment has commissioned this project to develop tools for designing sustainable implementation processes and integrating environmental and efficiency issues into all levels of energy policy and planning.
Research was conducted in three countries, namely Cuba, Mexico and South Africa. A process-oriented approach was followed, involving stakeholders and decision-makers from these countries, through convening a set of workshops. The first range of workshops in Cuba, Mexico and South Africa aimed at obtaining an input about recent experiences with policies and programmes for energy efficiency and renewable energy projects for low-income households. The outcome of the workshops served as input for the next phase of the project, where the project partners developed suggestions for improving support mechanisms for more sustainable energy service delivery. These results were discussed during a second round of workshop.